Green Earth Foundation Home

About Ralph Metzner
Ralph Metzner, PhD is available for individual consultation, in person in San Rafael, CA or by telephone. Please call

Donate to Green Earth Foundation
Green Earth Foundation is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit, educational organization. Your donations of any size are gratefully accepted. Donate $100 or more, and choose a gift of any of Ralph Metzner's new book series published by Green Earth Foundation.


Ralph's Blog

Follow Ralph on Facebook

Visit Ralph's YouTube Channel

toad and jaguar
The Toad & the Jaguar

Through the Gateway of the Heart

Neurons to Nirvana
Neurons to Nirvana DVD

The Ayahuasca Experience




The Roots of War and Domination

Ralph Metzner, Ph.D.

Published by Green Earth Foundation and Regent Press

German Translation available here

Domination behavior, using force to control others, is destabilizing and disruptive in families, groups and communities. At the international level, aggressive domination is war – the breakdown of the civilized order. I track the roots of war and domination: in the psychological consequences of violent child abuse; in historical and prehistorical patterns of resource competition; and in mammalian predator behavior gone awry. One can see these ancient predatory patterns operating in the capitalist and imperialist policies of nation states. Seeking still deeper roots, I explore lesser known mythological and esoteric teachings: the Buddhist myths of power-addicted demons; the legend of the corruption of the Atlantean civilization; the Nordic myths of wars among the gods; and the Sumerian myths of dominating extra-terrestrial war-lord colonizers who genetically engineered our human ancestors. Finally, I examine the complex and profound teachings of the mysterious 20th century sage G.I. Gurdjieff, who located the ultimate causes of war in the extra-planetary environment and cosmic history. It is my intention and hope that these explorations of this most intractable of humanity’s problems may lead others to further discoveries and possibly solutions. – RM

Table of Contents:

Author’s Preface

The Roots of War and Domination

  • Psychological Roots of Violence
  • Historical and Prehistorical Roots in Tribal Competition
  • Ecological and Evolutionary Aspects of Domination Behavior
  • A Teaching on “Dark Forces”
  • Mythic Dimensions of Domination and War
  • Extra-terrestrial Ruler “Gods” in Sumerian Mythology
  • G. I. Gurdjieff’s Views on the Origins of War

Concluding Reflections



Green Earth Foundation
Ralph Metzner

Welcome | About Green Earth Foundation | Consciousness Studies | Shamanism & Earth Mythology | Green & Eco Psychology
Metzner Alchemical Divination | Books & Publications | Ralph Metzner | Ralph's Blog | Contact Us